History of the University
I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (MSMU) is the oldest medical school in Russia. It was founded in 1758 as the Faculty of Medicine of the Imperial Moscow University (established In 1765 it had only three faculties - Philosophical, Legal and Medical to which first students were enrolled only 3 years later). After the reform of higher medical education in 1930 the faculty was reorganised into the 1st Moscow Medical Institute (in 1990-2010 - Moscow Medicl Academy). From 1955 the school bears the name of Ivan M. Sechenov, the outstanding Russian scientist.
Medical Faculty Departments of Anatomy and Clinical Medicine, Physical and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, and Natural History started functioning in 1765. New separate disciplines started in 1775 - pharmaceutical chemistry and practical course of pharmaceutical-chemical preparation of medicines. The historic core of the academy is the Clinic campus on the Bolshaya Pirogovskaya street, built in 1887-1891. The campus built on a plot of land granted to Moscow University's faculty of medicine by the City Duma at the Devichye (Maiden`) Field, near the Novodevichy Nunnery, is unique as a national medical complex and a monument of architecture. In 1897, the delegates of the 12th International Congress of Physicians in Moscow rated the clinics as the best in Europe.
In the period of 1887-1891 in Devichye Polye (Maiden`s Field) a complex of clinics attached to Medical Faculty of Moscow University was inaugurated and among them - the maxilla-facial surgery and dental clinic. A new building within a Campus was given to the Research Institute of Pharmacology.
Moscow Pharmaceutical institute was founded in 1932. Its Botanical garden listed in the "Botanical Gardens of the World" was founded in 1946. In 1958 the Institute was reorganized to the pharmaceutical faculty of the 1st Moscow Medical Institute.
The onset of Dentistry (stomatology) as a subject taught in the Medical Faculty of the Moscow University is considered to be in 1885 year and is related to Dean of Medical faculty, N.V. Sklifosovsky, who pointed out the importance of this subject. In 1885 the Chair of Stomatology and maxilla-facial surgery was established. The Stomatological faculty started its functioning in 2000. There are more than 800 students studying now at this faculty.
Over a span of almost 250 years this institution of higher learning has been Russia`s major centre of medical science and training of medical and pharmaceutical personnel. Since 1885 dental specialists are trained here.
Russia's oldest medical school has since graduated tens of thousands of highly qualified physicians. It was home to the founding fathers of Russian medicine, scholars of world fame: N.I.Pirogov, S.P.Botkin, A.P.Chekhov, I.M.Sechenov, S.G.Zyibelin, G.A.Zakharin, M.Ya.Mudrov, N.V.Sklifosovsky, S. S.Korsakov, N.F.Filatov, V.F. Snegirev, A.A.Ostroumov, to mention but a few. Russian medicine is proud of scientific schools founded by A.I.Abrikosov, N.N.Burdenko, N.A.Semashko, P.K.Anokhin, M.P.Konchalovsky, E.M.Tareyev, V.Kh.Vasilenko, P.A.Herzen, N.N.Elansky, L.S.Persianinov.
The achievements of the University have won high public acclaim. In 1940 by Decree of the USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium the 1st Moscow Medical Institute was awarded with an Order of Lenin and in 1965 - with an Order of Red Banner of Labor.
Moscow, the capital of Russia, is one of the world's biggest cities. It occupies an area of 1035 square kilometers, and has a population of about 9 million people (and almost as many tourists and city guests). Moscow's local time is Greenwich Mean Time (+3), the summer time (+I) is active in Moscow from March to October. The most common language spoken in the city is Russian.
Moscow's climate is moderate, with an average temperature of about 20 - 25'C in July and August, and varying from about -10' C to -25' C in December and January. The humidity is usually ranging from "moderate" to "high." Most of the time Moscow winters are very cold and snowy.
The city landscape is a rather complicated one. The highest point of the city area is in the South West, 250 meters above the sea level and 130 meters above the Moskva River. There are over 10 rivers in Moscow and Moscow Region, the Moskva River being the biggest one.
Legislatively, Moscow is segmented into 10 administration districts. The names of the districts comply with their location: Central, West, North West, etc. The districts are further segmented into city regions, there are 128 of them in Moscow. The Moscow City Duma serves as the main legislative body. The executive power is exercised by the Moscow Mayor, the prefects, and the sub prefects. The municipal authorities are elected by the citizens of Moscow (vote by secret ballot).
The capital has the largest concentration of educational institutions, and its centers of higher education draw students from throughout all Russia. Moscow is also the largest scientific and research center. It is the seat of the Russian Academy of Sciences and many of its leading research institutes (78), branch academies and research establishments. It has 81 higher educational establishments with over 600,000 students enrolled.
Theatre, music, and art are important in the city's life. Over 60 theatres, concert halls, circuses, 74 museums, and film studios are located in Moscow. The Bolshoi Theatre and the Maly Theatre, and Moscow Art Theatre are especially renowned. The capital was a birthplace for many famous actors, writers, painters and scientists whose talents and ideas made the glory of Russia: Pushkin, Gogol', Tolstoi, Chekhov, Pirogov, Sklifosovsky, Vasnetsov, Serov and many others.
Moscow is world renowned for its elaborate and unique architecture, that reached its peak level of perfection in the second half of the 18th century due to the talanted Russian architects V.I.Bazhenov and M.F.Kazakov.
Public transportation is provided by the Metropolitan subway (Metro), buses, taxis, and trolley-buses. The Metro system is known for the elaborate architecture of its 149 stations. Moscow is the center of the country's rail network and the largest transportation center in Russia. It has air, rail, and road links with all the major tourist centers of the country and many cities of the world. There are 9 railroad stations, 3 river ports, and 5 airports in Moscow.
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I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University which is the largest and most famous scientific, clinical and educational medical center in Moscow, and even in Russia.
In this page you can find references to detailed information on MSMU history and its to-day life, on whole of our clinical centers and medical programs.
Being established on the basis of Moscow State University in 1758, Medical faculty was transformed into The 1st Moscow Medical Institute, and after that, in 1990 - into Academy, and in 2010 got the status of university.
History of people salvation in Russia is tightly bound up with lives and destinies of Academy specialists: S.G.Zabelin, M.Ya.Mudrov, G.A.Zaharjin, N.V.Sklifosovsky, I.M. Cechenov, N.I.Pirogov, N.F.Filatov, N.A.Semashko.
The unique and one of the best for those times complex of university clinics, situated on The Devichje Pole, was opened in the end of 90-th of XIX century.
Since that education, science and applied medicine are closely connected and supplement each other. This formation is underlying the highest quality of service granted to our patients.
You are welcome to visit us! Have a good health!
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