Aims & objectives of RINPAS as per order of Hon'ble supreme court
Philosophy of the Institute
BRIEF HISTORY OF RINPAS
The history of this institute dates back to 1795 A.D. when the Lunatic Asylum was established in Munghyr near the court premises south of the Ganges River. It was shifted to Patna in November 1821 and was located at Patna Collegiate School. Subsequently the Lunatic Asylum was shifted to present location at Kanke, Ranchi in the last week of April 1925. Nomenclature of Lunatic Asylum was changed to Indian Mental Hospital (IMH). Captain J.E. Dhanjibhay was the first Superintendent of IMH. The male wing started functioning on 4th September 1925 with 110 patients. The female wing started functioning with 53 patients on 19th September 1925. Gradually patients from Dacca (Bangladesh) and Berhampur (Orissa) were transferred here. There were 1226 patients on 31st December 1925.
After Independence this hospital came under State Govt. of Bihar and on 30th August 1958 the name of IMH was changed to Ranchi Mansik Arogyashala (RMA). Patients from the states of Eastern India eg. Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura were kept here and sanctioned bed strength was 1620. However, patients used to be more than 2000. It was matter of pride that the first MD in Psychiatry was awarded to Dr. L. P. Verma from this institute in 1942. However since early seventies of the last century there was overall decline of RMA in care of mental patients, teaching and research. P.G. course in Psychiatry discontinued as one by one faculty member left the institute. PIL was filed in Supreme Court by Mr. Rakesh Chandra Narayan on behalf of mental patients regarding the pathetic condition of inmates of RMA.
Supreme Court took note of PIL and in its order dated 8 September 1994 directed Govt. of Bihar to notify RMA as autonomous institute. Hon'ble Supreme Court also framed the RMA rules and constituted Management Committee for administrative and financial management of RMA to avoid red tapism. Supreme Court vide its order dated 11-11-1997 entrusted National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) to monitor and supervise the functioning of RMA. On 10th January 1998 the name of RMA was changed to Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry & Allied Sciences (RINPAS).
With the support of State Govt. and close monitoring by NHRC, RINPAS is now gradually showing upward trend in the care of mentally deranged people by improving the quality assurance, rehabilitation, community outreach programme, teaching and research activities.
Facilities available at RINPAS
We have increased the sitting capacity for patients attending OPD by making separate enclosures for male and female patients. OPD attendance of patients has increased more than 4000 as compared to 2007-2008. A total 86578 psychiatric patients attended OPD in the year 2011-2012.
OPD Patient Statistics
Indoor facilities: we are ensuring quality assurance in care of indoor patients by providing clean surroundings, hygienic toilets, nutritious diet, recreational facilities and vocational training. A total of 3038 cases were admitted during 2011-2012 and 2436 patients were discharged from the institute.
Basic Amenities for the Patients
Rehabilitation Unit: In the male section file, soap and detergent powder making units and in the female section agarbati, shawl & knitting of sweaters have been added in the year under review.
Yoga and Meditation: The institute has added Yoga and Meditation facilities both in male and female section.
Library: RINPAS had well established central Library with more then 19162 books and 5684 Journals.
The Institute is recognized for especial posting (Psychiatric hospital) of MBBS students from different medical colleges of Bihar and Jharkhand. Post graduate students of psychology, and social work, and nursing students from different part of the country are also posted for their field training in the institute. Students of M.Phil in Clinical Psychology come for their clinical training from arious recognized Institute/University.
RINPAS Library consists of a Central Library supporting the teaching, research and orientation programmes of the Institute and 2 Patient Libraries for the recreation of patients. The Central Library is well equipped with modern facilities and resources in the form of books, journals, back volume of journals, theses, dissertations, project works, training modules, WHO publications, CD ROMs and internet services. The library strives to provide timely, accurate and current information, and to provide an appropriate and comfortable academic environment for the users.
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